Saturday, February 8, 2020
Should the Death Penalty be Abolished - Essay Example Of late, therefore, advocates of the death penalty are relying on economic arguments to buttress their position that the death penalty is an appropriate and valid punishment by focusing mainly on the issue of deterrence. As the New York Times put it: Ã¢â¬Å"Does Death Penalty Save Lives?Ã¢â¬ (Liptak, 2007). Likewise, anti-death advocates are steering clear of emotive language and using hard statistics as well but to demonstrate non-deterrence, racial bias, judicial fallibility and the like. Analyzing the two competing positions on the death penalty, this paperÃ¢â¬â¢s thesis is that those arguing for capital punishment uses economics as lens of analysis and emphasises deterrence rather than retribution, and those who argue against capital punishment use an economic, legal and sociological frame. Death Penalty Advocates favour economics-based arguments In the fairly recent work of Dezhbakhsh, Rubin and Shepherd, econometrics was used to determine the deterrent effect of the death penalty and it was found that Ã¢â¬Å"the legal change allowing executions beginning in 1977 has been associated with significant reductions in homicideÃ¢â¬ (page 373). ... d economist, Naci Mocan, who admitted being Ã¢â¬Å"personally opposedÃ¢â¬ to the death penalty (Liptak, 2007) had found that Ã¢â¬Å"each additional execution decreases homicides by about five, and each additional commutation increases homicides by the same amount, while an additional removal from death row generates one additional murder.Ã¢â¬ (Mocan and Gittings 453). Death Penalty Opponents use a combination of economics and sociological arguments There is, however, no shortage of critics to the argument that death penalty deters crimes, specifically homicide, and therefore saves lives. According to a paper written by Jeffrey Fagan from the Columbia Law School Ã¢â¬â Most of the studies fail to account for incarceration rates or life sentences, factors that may drive down crime rates via deterrence or incapacitation; one study that does so finds no effects of execution and a significant effect of prison conditions on crime rates. Another report shows incarceration effects th at dwarf the deterrent effects of execution. Most fail to account for complex social factors such as drug epidemics that are reliable predictors of fluctuations in the murder rate over time. The studies don't look separately at the subset of murders that are eligible for the death penalty, instead lumping all homicides together. Those who are against the death penalty have also provided evidence demonstrating that racial bias has played a big role in execution sentences, with scholars like Zeisel for example demonstrating that the death penalty was administered unequally, discriminating against black offenders and against murderers of white victims. (456). Barry Scheck, who is the co-founder and co-director of the Innocence Project, notes the case of Claude Jones, who could have been saved from the death row
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
The Landlady by Roald Dahl Essay Slightly shocked from the answer to the question just asked, Billy took another sip of his tea frantically trying to think of something to say. Placing the cup of Tea onto the coaster he took a gasp complementing on the tea, the landlady smiling as he did so. And then without warning he just blurted a question out, So why the others not joining us from upstairs. The landlady took a grin and answered his question well Gregory and Christopher, have not been feeling well recently, so I have been looking after them, they are ever so polite much like you. The way she said it made it sound like she was there mother! Giving a giant yarn, Billy stood up and stretched. I am awfully sorry but best be off to bed now, I have a long day tomorrow. I bet you do, she smirked. All of a sudden she began to lift up he heavy skirt show off her stockings and in the side was a giant curved knife, Billy stood back in shock. She stood up with the knife, the blade reflecting the wall light. What you doing with that? Billy squeaked. All of sudden she launched like a speeding bullet, and with lightening reactions Billy chucked his burning turning in the landladys eyes. Billy ran for his life and at the same time he could hear the landladys frantic screams as he climbed the landing stairs, racing up to his room. He closed the door and locking it behind him. Silently he moved swiftly to his briefcase, and started cramming all his possession into it. And then he heard a thuder of the landlady charging up the stairs like a possessed elephant, he hid behind the door And has he looked over he saw an old mop, not been used for years he took hold of it, Dust left a heavy trail behind it, And waited behind the door he could hear her breathing heavy and droopy like she was ready to swipe someones head off! He heard the lock click and the door swung open hitting him in the face, slightly dazed but still conscious Billy saw the landlady walk in knife first, he didnt give her anytime to think he swung the mop and smashed the landlady around the head she fell to the ground like a sac of spuds. Billy looked closer at the sick and twisted face of the evil witch, Billy had never knocked anyone out before the sudden sensation made him feel proud but hed never guess in a million years he would knock out a fifty-year-old woman! Billy eyes caught hold of the ring of keys around her belt, discreetly he unclipped them, grabbed his case and walked out of the room again locking it (permanently) behind him. Dazzled and tired of the ordeal Billy put his briefcase down and sat on it, looking at the 3rd floor stairs in mystery. Then he remembered what the landlady had said about Gregory and Christopher who was upstairs because they werent feeling very well, if she had tried to knife him, Imagine what she has done to them! With his decision made Billy started to climb the gloomy stairs. Dust was on the railing he wiped it off as he went up. When he got to the top he found himself gazing at two rooms, he decided to take the one closeted on the right. Billy edge open the door a dirt musty smell Hit is face it smelled like vinegar. He walked in and looked around the room in confusion Billy wasnt expecting what he was going to find in here. The room was exactly like his except of the horrendous smell, and as he look at the bed he noticed it was occupied! Hello Billy shouted, it was as silent as it were when he comes in shot to the bed and slowly lifted the covers 2 dead bodies were laid there. It made Billy nearly be sick in his mouth, they defiantly not feeling well he thought! No sain human being could have done this, he thought to himself. The bodies were like to pickles. Billy stared at the crackling fire in the room. Thing of nothing but hate for the landlady. Malice and hate built up inside. And with no warning or control Billy threw a burning hot ember glowing log from the fire to the bed of stuffed men. Within minutes the bed was completely on fire the smell of burning flesh was touching his nostrils, Black smoke was collecting on the ceiling Billy decided to take his exit. Billy closed the door behind him the heat of the handle scolding his hands; he walked down the landing stairs hammering his feet down every step. When he reached the bottom it appeared the landlady had awoken and was screaming at the top of her voice Smoke, smoke wheres it coming from What ever you have done you will regret it, you will regret this Billy Wilkins! Hey hag!, its weaver get it right. Billy stormed down the rest of the stairs with a satisfied grin on his face. He entered the front room, and walked next to the fire were she had revealed the knife at him. He spread the fire out around the front room with the smell of the smoke going thicker and thicker. Billy exited the creepy BB locking it behind him, then chucking the keys in the bin. Billy watched the burning inferno until he felt the tiredness reach him again, and went to go and find the bell and dragon. 50 years later. It had been 50 years to the day that Billy had that terrible encounter with landlady but he can still remember what had happened yesterday, it had left a mental scar on his mind. Billy was on his way to bath of all places for the last meeting before his official retirement suddenly the train stopped and the announcer announced that they where at bath. Billy got off the train and like he had done 50 years ago made his way down the path that had led him to such a cruel place. He walked down the empty street many of the houses were bordered up and rusting away, allot had changed in 50 years Billy thought to himself. Then he got to the place of the terrible BB and has Billy looked up the building had been rebuilt exactly has it had fallen he walked across the road to get a better look at it. Then a young man was walking down street a lot like he had done all them years ago he look at the sign and knocked on the door. The door swivelled open straight away, and with a horror Billys past there stood the un aged unchanged, Landlady! Shivers crawled up Billys legs as she greeted the young man. It was like a Ghost from Billys past that wont go away, the young man walked in and as he passed in Billy saw the landlady licking her lips, and slamming the door!
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
The Two Worlds in Stopping by Woods "Stopping by Woods" The visible sign of the poet's preoccupation is the recurrent image of dark woods and trees. The world of the woods, a world offering perfect quiet and solitude, exists side by side with the realization that there is also another world, a world of people and social obligations. Both worlds have claims on the poet. He stops by woods on this "darkest evening of the year" to watch them "fill up with snow," and lingers so long that his "little horse" shakes his harness bells "to ask if there is some mistake." The poet is put in mind of the "promises" he has to keep, of the miles he still must travel. We are not told, however, that the call of social responsibility proves stronger than the attraction of the woods, which are "lovely" as well as "dark and deep"; the poet and his horse have not moved on at the poem's end. The dichotomy of the poet's obligations both to the woods and to a world of "promises"--the latter filtering like a barely heard echo through the alm ost hypnotic state induced by the woods and falling snow-is what gives this poem its singular interest.... The artfulness of "Stopping by Woods" consists in the way the two worlds are established and balanced. The poet is aware that the woods by which he is stopping belong to someone in the village; they are owned by the world of men. But at the same time they are his, the poet's woods, too, by virtue of what they mean to him in terms of emotion and private signification. What appears to be "simple" is shown to be not really simple, what appears to be innocent not really innocent.... The poet is fascinated and lulled by the empty wastes of white and black. The repetition of "sleep" in the final two lines suggests that he may succumb to the influences that are at work. There is no reason to suppose that these influences are benignant. It is, after all, "the darkest evening of the year," and the poet is alone "between the woods and frozen lake.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Today, we have contact with photography ubiquitously. But, do you realize that what you see has been created by photography? People have drawn and painted the world that surrounded them since ancient times. However, the first recording of a negative image on a light-sensitive material was first achieved by Frenchman, J. Niepce in 1826. He made the first permanent photograph with a camera Ã¢â¬Å"obscuraÃ¢â¬ . Although, the exposure took eight hours, he wanted to find a different process. Another pioneer of photography was the British inventor William Talbot.He invented a special process named calotype or talbotype that created negative images from which a positive could be printed. On the other hand, in 1884, George Eastman invented the dry gel, which required paper or film. He developed the technology of film; and the same technology is used by film cameras today. A few years later, in June 1888, Eastman Kodak introduced to the public the first film camera. By the 1901, photography began to be available to the public. Today, the developing of black and white negative is almost obsolete. With new digital technology, almost nobody uses film cameras, except for some professional photographers.What do you need to develop your film? First, you need to go outside and take some pictures. Once you have the film ready to be developed you need some materials to process the film. To start developing your own film you need to have a room that is light proof, a metal or plastic film tank, reel, a can opener, scissors, chemicals, darkroom timer, a sink, and a thermometer. One of the places where you can find equipment that you need for your dark room and to process your film is B&H photo (http://www. bhphotovideo. com). B&H photo is an online store for professional photographers where they offer affordable prices and used equipment.For example, a roll of 24 roll of TMAX 400 cost about $3. 50 plus shipping cost. Moreover, you can also research if you have any photo stores w here you live. Last semester I took a photo class at school. I check frequently the bulletin board, where students posted equipment for sale. However, there are important steps to follow to process of black and white film. The first step is that you need to load the film on the reel. Before you do that I suggest you to prepare the equipment that you will need. Next, lay the tools in front of you; you will need scissors, a can opener, and a film tank.Remember that the negative is light sensitive and even a small amount of light will destroy the film. When you are ready, you can turn off the light and use the can opener to separate the film from the cassette. Next, unwind the film and cut the end with scissors. Now you are ready to load the film on the plastic or metal reel. I prefer the metal reel; because it is much to use. You need to gently slide the film into the slot and roll the film slowly on the reel until is loaded. When you are done, you can place the loaded reel in the fil m tank. When the negative is secure in the tank, you can turn on the light.The next step is to prepare the chemicals. It is also important to know what kid of film you use. I use TRIMAX400 most of the time. Although, you know the type of the film, it is time to get ready the developer. You might ask what kind of developer is the best. There are so many to choose from. I use Kodak D-76 developer. It is a fine-grain general-purpose developer. The measurements are 4 ounces of the developer mixed with 4 ounces of water. The next step is to check the temperature. Remember, to always rinse your thermometer before you use it and after you done.It is very important to check the temperature chart. For example, if the thermometer shows 68Ã °F, the developing time is 6 minutes. The chemicals should be at least 68Ã °F, because some chemicals do not respond to temperatures lower than 65Ã °F. Now you are ready to set the darkroom timer for 6 minutes. Time is a very important factor in developi ng the film. Warning: if you keep the film too long in the developer the film will turn out overexposed or if you finish early the negative is going to be underexposed. After you pour the developer into the film tank, you need to agitate the tank every minute for 15 seconds.It is very important to agitate the film, because this removes air bubbles from the film. Once the time is up you need to pour the developer into the sink. The following step is to rinse the film tank at least twice. Another important step is to add fixer. The fixer is the chemical used in the final step to stabilize the image. Fixing time takes 4 minutes. Do not forget to set your darkroom timer for 4 minutes. You need to remember also to agitate the tank every minute for 15 seconds. After the time is up you need to pour the fixer back into the container. When you done, the film is fixed and it is ready to be exposed to the light.But, before that you have to rinse the tank few times with fresh water. It is very important to wash your negative, to remove the exhausted chemicals. Warning: If you do not wash your negative enough you could permanently damage the image. The last step is to add a few drops of photoflow to the tank film and keep it for 30 seconds. Do not agitate the tank film while the bath stop is in the tank. You need that to prevent the water from spotting the film as it dries. The remaining step is a final wash in the running water for at least 20 minutes. Afterward, the film is ready to hang and dry.Carefully handle one end of the film and lift the film from the reel. Remember, the negatives are extremely fragile so handle them carefully. Make sure the negatives do not to touch anything. Also, do not forget to slide gently the negative between your fingers. After the film is dry, you are ready to cut the negative and go to the dark room to make the prints. Store each negative in separate negative sleeve. Although this process is almost obsolete, some professional photographe rs and hobbyists are still developing their film and make prints in the dark room. Black and white photography is considered a fine art.With growing popularity of digital technology, the hobby is not as popular as before. To make sure your film is developed accurate you have to absolutely follow the step that I present above. This process of your own film will give you a greater enjoyment and understanding of the true art of photography. I took a photo class last semester and I enjoyed every minute I spent in the dark room to develop my film and then made my prints. I also learned about lighting and shadows. Black and white photography divulged different feelings and shows different emotions than color film.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
As time goes by, network security has become substantially more important, whether it be for a business, the military, or even a private computer. With the introduction of the internet, security became a major concern and itÃ¢â¬â¢s only though a brief look recap on the history of security that we are allowed a better understanding of the emergence of the new technology that is released for the private and public sector. As mentioned earlier, the creation of the Internet allowed for a plethora of new threats. Despite the constant threats of malware and other annoyances, the architecture of the internet, when modified can reduce the possible attacks that can be sent across the network. Knowing the attack methods, allows for the appropriate security to emerge. Many businesses secure themselves from the internet by means of firewalls and encryption mechanisms. The businesses create an Ã¢â¬Å"intranetÃ¢â¬ to remain connected to the internet but secured from possible threats. Several key events contributed to the birth and evolution of computer and network security. Back during the first World War, the Allied army was having trouble deciphering secret German messages, while their own became heavily compromised. However, Polish cryptographers created an enigma machine in 1918 that converted plain messages to encrypted text. In 1930, Alan Turing, a mathematician, broke the code for the Enigma. Securing communications was essential in World War II. In the 1960s, the term Ã¢â¬Å"hackerÃ¢â¬ is coined by aShow MoreRelatedNetwork Security And The Internet1517 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesever since the birth of the Internet and with the new networking technology coming out, will continue this way. There is a large amount of personal, business, and government information on the internet and network infrastructures. 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Saturday, December 28, 2019
Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1887 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Type Analytical essay Tags: Advice Essay Did you like this example? Structure: Analysis, Legal rules and Application Introduction and General Analysis Peter, Alan, Sarah and Paul are the four directors and shareholders of East Ltd. The majority shareholder is John. Paul is both the companys managing director and chairman. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Advice on company law" essay for you Create order The companys articles of association are based on Table A. Paul was approached by West Ltd, which was interested in purchasing a piece of vacant land belonging to East. At a board meeting, Paul told the fellow directors that as the planning permission was unlikely to be granted whether East Limited was prepared to sell the land to West. The land was sold to West, for ÃâÃ £1.5 m. On completion of the sale, Paul received a bonus of ÃâÃ £50,000 from West, for which he informed Alan and Sarah. Last month, West asked Paul if he would like to purchase shares in West. As Wests share price had recently increased in value, Paul decided to invest ÃâÃ £15,000 of his money in West shares. John has discovered that (i) the land sold by East to West has been developed by West and sold for ÃâÃ £6m and (ii) Pauls shares in West have doubled in value. Advise John as to what action, if any, he can take on the companys behalf. The companys annual general meeting is due to be held n ext month 1. Was the behaviour of Paul prejudicial to other directors and shareholder? 2. Can Paul take the bonus which resulted out of the transaction? 3. Is the fiduciary duty of Paul as a director in conflict with his personal interest? 4. Does he need consent from the company to take the shares in West Ltd? 5. Secret profit by Paul and consequent accountability 6. Remedies available for majority shareholder Application Under the new proposals for Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âModernising Company LawÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã white paper which contains important proposals with regard to a contract which a company itself is unable to accept due to the lack of resources for example, then a director may be able to take that contract personally for his own benefit. This allows directors to make full use of information, property etc which belong to the company for their own benefit without the consent of the shareholders and members provided that they obtain the authorisation from the Board of Directors to do so. The important difference here which must be noted is, in the case of private companies, the board of directors will have such powers as to authorise a director to exploit a corporate opportunity like that unless it has been expressly denied in the companyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s constitution. On the other hand, in the case of Public limited companies, the board of directors will not have such powers bestowed upon them as they need authorisation from the shareholders first unless a specific provision to authorise such transaction has been made in the companyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s constitution. In this scenario, Paul has notified the Board about East LimitedÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s interest in buying the land and the Board, although based on his instructions regarding planning permission they have agreed to sell the land to West Limited. In Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âCMS Dolphin Ltd v Simonet it was held by Lawrence Collins J that a director was liable for breach of fidu ciary duty in diverting a business opportunity from his company although the director in question had left the company. However, even after leaving the company a directorÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s fiduciary duties continue and therefore he may not divert business opportunities from the company or misuse information while he was acting as a director of his previous company. In this particular case the director took all the companyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s staff and its main clients with him and set up in business on his ownÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã . In Smith Stone and Knight Ltd (Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âSSKÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ) v Birmingham CorporationÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (BCÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ) a subsidiary owned by SSK carried out business activities from a piece of land owed by SSK. A compulsory purchase order was issued by BC. Compensation for loss of business was to be paid to the company and its owner. However, the subsidiary company did not own the land and so BC refused to pay any compensation. It was held that th e subsidiary company was an agent of SSK and therefore BC must pay compensation. DirectorÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s Fiduciary Duties A director has a duty towards a variety of people who are interested in the Company such as to the company itself, to its employees, to the shareholders and to its creditors. Under the Common law a director is expected to manage the company in accordance with the Companies Act and its constitution and to exercise reasonable skill and care. A director is also expected to act bona fide in the best interest of the company. This then follows that a director is expected to avoid conflict of interest with the company and must not make any secret profit by disclosing any interest in the contract company or whether he/she is likely to be involved and any profit or financial benefit he receives from it. A director is also expected to use his powers for a proper purpose. Paul as a director of the company is in a fiduciary position and therefore must not mak e an undisclosed profit using his position as a director. He was only approached by East Limited because of his position as a director of the company. He must disclose this to the other directors, Peter, Alan, Sarah. The fact that West Limited was unable to purchase the land because Paul told the Board of Directors that the planning permission would not be granted and therefore could not obtain the benefit from developing that land, depends upon whether Paul had knowledge of East LimitedÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s intentions to develop the land. It would have been better to obtain consent from the company in a General meeting to take that contract and keep the profits before actually taking the contract. It is a well established principle that there should not be a conflict between their fiduciary duties and their personal interest and they must not use the companyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s assets, opportunities or information without obtaining consent from the company based on full information . Furthermore, Paul would have to account for ÃâÃ £50,000 he received on completion of the sale of that land to the company. In Boston Deep Sea Fishing Co v Ansell A was one of the directors of B Co and was paid a commission on the contract by the shipbuilders. A was also a shareholder of an Ice company who was supplying ice to the B Co. A received a bonus when he employed Ice Company in respect of B CoÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s fishing smacks. It was held that A must account to B Co for the commission and the bonus he received although B Co could not have received any bonus from the Ice company as it was not a shareholder in that company. Generally if there is a conflict between a directorÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s personal interest or his duty to another then the court will intervene to set aside the transaction without inquiring whether there was any breach of the directorÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s duty to the company which is an over-riding principle of equity Therefore, Alan and Sarah may prevent him from taking and keeping the ÃâÃ £50,000 he received as a bonus on completion of the sale of the land, stating that there is a conflict of interest and that this must be recorded in the minutes in detail so that there is no suspicion of secret dealings. On the other hand, they could approve his bonus payment as well as his purchase of East LimitedÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s shares when they contacted him as he is unlikely to be classed as just another investor, by East Limited in the Annual General Meeting. According to Profession Gower when a director makes a contract with another business in his own personal capacity  he would have to account for the profit he makes out of any such contract. Paul was contacted by East due to his position as a director in West and therefore he was able to buy shares in East. It would be difficult for him to argue that he invested ÃâÃ £15,000 of his own money as a private investor mainly because East is not a PLC and therefore its shares are not available for the public and being a limited company its shares are only marketed privately. Therefore any profit he makes out of those shares he will have to account for it. Advice and Remedies i) It is possible to ratify unauthorised transaction by passing an ordinary resolution at a General Meeting and it cannot be just by the Board of Directors. In order to avoid the injustice due to the absolutist nature of fiduciary duties Paul may seek relief from the court if the court believes that he had acted honestly and reasonably. With regards to his bonus of ÃâÃ £50,000 which he told two of the directors about, this establishes that he has acted honestly and reasonably however it would not be the case with regards to his purchase of shares in East. John as a majority shareholder can motion for the removal of Paul as a director of the Company. Any director can be removed from their office by an ordinary resolution of the members. Theref ore, in order to remove Paul as a director of the company a resolution in general meeting with a simple majority is needed and this applies notwithstanding the contrary provisions in the companyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s Articles. The procedure for removal of a director is set in section 303 of the Act, which provides for an ordinary resolution, that is, by majority of votes in the general meeting a director can be removed from his or her office. However, if the directors are the major shareholders then the minority shareholders have very limited rights to object the way the majority directors are running the affairs of the company. If the director is removed from the office it terminates any service contract it may have with the company. The amount of damages the director may be able to claim usually depends up on the remuneration package under his contract with the company. Bibliography and References 1. Business Law and Practice by Scott Slorach Jason Ellis published by Blackston e press. 2. Business Law by Stephen Judge, second edition published by Macmillan law masters. 3. Company Law, by Charles worth Morse 16th Edition published by Thomson, Sweet Maxwell. 4. Gower DaviesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ Principles of Modern Company Law 7th Edition, by Paul L Davies published by Thomson, Sweet Maxwell 5. www. Nortonrose.com/articles 6. Department of Trade Industry web site: Modernising Company law White paper 7. Company Law by Janet Dine, Macmillan Law Masters, and third edition 8. Lifting the Corporate Veil by Neil Chandler www.exchangechambers.co.uk 9. PenningtonÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s Company Law, 8th edition published by Buttersworths 1 Footnotes  2002 BCC 600;  2 B C L C 704 Ch D Gower and DaviesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ Principles of Modern Company Law, 7th Edition, page 422   4 All ER 116, Gower and DaviesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ Principles of Modern Company Law, 7th Edition, page 182  Section 317, 320 and 330 of the Companies Act 1985.  1888 ch D 339 CA, Company Law, by Charles worth Morse page 275-276  Vinelott J, Movitex Ltd v Bulfield (1988) page 183 Company Law by Douglas smith.  Section 317 Companies Act 1985  page 184 Company Law by Douglas smith  Aberdeen Railway co v Blaikie Bros (1874) Company Law by Douglas smith page 184  Hogg v Cramphorn (1967) Company Law by Douglas smith page 187  Section 303 Companies Act 1985:
Friday, December 20, 2019
WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s role in Literature The role of women in the society is always questioned and for centuries, they have struggled to find their place in a world that is predominantly male oriented. The treatment of women was extremely negative; they were expected to stay home and fulfill domestic duties. Literature of that time embodies and mirrors social issues of women in society (Lecture on the Puritans). But, slowly and gradually, situation being changed: Ã¢â¬Å"During the first half of the 19th century, women s roles in society evolved in the areas of occupational, moral, and social reform. Through efforts such as factory movements, social reform, and women s rights, their aims were realized and foundations for further reform were establishedÃ¢â¬ (Lauter 1406). Feminist poets like Emily Dickinson and Anne Bradstreet talked substantially about feminism in different lights in the past two centuries. They were very vocal and assertive about their rights and the Ã¢â¬Ërights for w omenÃ¢â¬â¢ in general. While they might have been successful at making a good attempt to obliterate gender biases but still there are lot of disparities between the two genders. Nevertheless, their poetry reflects a deep angst. Anne Bradstreet, an eighteen-year-old educated upper-class English woman, arrived in Salem in 1630 (Cowell 418). Two hundred years after BradstreetÃ¢â¬â¢s arrival in America, in 1830, in a town about a hundred miles from Salem: Amherst, Emily Dickinson was born to a prominent local family that hadShow MoreRelatedGender Roles Of Women s Literature1661 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhich gender roles are portrayed in childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s literature significantly contributes to the development of our youthÃ¢â¬â¢s understanding of their own genderÃ¢â¬â¢s role and how they are perceived by society. It is important for children to understand gender roles because gender roles are an essential cog in the perpetual machine that develops our society, but these cogs have b een replaced with newer, more up-to-date cogs over recent years, so to speak. As society has changed, so has the typical role that eachRead MoreWomen s Literature : Oppression And The Role Of A Woman971 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEvan Rhodes Survey of World Literature December 1, 2014 Hartmann Women in Literature: Oppression and the Role of a Woman In early literature, men dominated the writersÃ¢â¬â¢ circuit. As literature began, it was used as an easily digestible way to promote social norms and moral code. In these texts, the role of women changes vastly depending on the culture, although there is a common theme: women exist to belong to a man. Women were not only oppressed in life, but their struggle is weaved into all ofRead MoreWomenÃ ´s Role in Kate Chopins Literature: The Yellow Paper and The Awakening1281 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmore and more American women have claimed to be unsatisfied with their physical appearances. This is due to the constant presence of thin, perfectly proportioned models in media. The image of women in media creates a standard of beauty that cannot even be reached by the models themselves. Based on the image of them portrayed in media, American women have been expected to try to reach unattainable roles. Though the expectations set for women have changed over time, women have always been expectedRead MoreComparing Beowulf And Sir Gawain And The Green Knight1338 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesworld always read the literature book with many stories like science fiction, comedy, fantasy, and romance in life and society. Two of the most famous literature stories that make me really love it called Ã¢â¬Å"BeowulfÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.Ã¢â¬ Both of this story illustrated between these women s always try to overcome with all the mission in life and show their responsibility to achieve successfully in life. Thus, the poet shows that the women s role in British literature is a very good centralRead MoreGender As A Man And The Role Of A Woman932 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespeople define gender as the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity. In modern and traditional society, gender is used to teach the Ã¢â¬Å"role of a man and the role of a womanÃ¢â¬ . The role of gender in adolescent literature dates back to the first kind of literature for children, oral folk tales. On the beaches of Greece, Homer told the tale of Odysseus. A Greek king, who was strong, fearless and wise; whom traveled great lands and fought many beastsRead MoreWomen s Liberty Through Literature1105 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThrough Literature Kendall N. Player English 4 AP Literature Mrs. Johnson The role of women in society has been well documented through world literature. Works such as The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer, Hamlet by William Shakespeare,The Education of Women by Daniel Defoe, and A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House by Henrik Ibsen. These works come from a wide variety of time periods, they range from the middle ages to the modern era, where the first was published around 900 years before the last. Women makeRead MoreYellow Wallpaper1673 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswork of literature any connection to its author (it must be what it is, no underlying meaning) feminist theory must first and foremost be understood in its historical framework. By the turn of the century, journals, art galleries, and works of fiction were swamped with notions about how to be a proper woman in middle class society. With industrialization, urbanization, declining birth rates, amplified divorce rates, the shift away from the home and the rise in the number of single men and women in theRead MoreThe Role Of Women During The Canterbury Tales By William Shakespeare And A Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1028 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe role of women in society has been well documented through world literature. Ã¢â¬Å"And the reality is that for a large bulk of human history, women have been treated as the subordinate to men and have not been given a voiceÃ¢â¬ (David Splawn, 2015). Works such as The Canterbury Tal es by Geoffrey Chaucer, Hamlet by William Shakespeare,The Education of Women by Daniel Defoe, and A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House by Henrik Ibsen. These works come from a wide variety of time periods, they range from the middle ages to theRead MoreThe Yellow Wallpaper, By Susan Glaspell968 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDuring the early nineteenth century women had less of a voice when it came to making decisions all the decision making were usually left to the men especially in relationships. The short story Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Play Ã¢â¬Å"TriflesÃ¢â¬ by Susan Glaspell are two pieces of fictional literature that exhibit the roles of women in a marriage during the period. In the short story Ã¢â¬Å"The Yellow WallpaperÃ¢â¬ the reader reads about a woman who has been in a room for the summer to cureRead MoreWilliam Chaucer s The Wife Of Bath1347 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Women Progressing Over the years, some may argue that literature has progressed into a better manner or for the worst. In British literature, motifs vary throughout the multiple time periods, such as the Anglo-Saxon Era, Medieval Era, to the Age of Reason period; moreover, motifs have changed out of the regular and accustomed angelic Christian that has to repent and believe in God. British literature begins to introduce a new archetype for women that writers follow in stories by describing them